Frequently Asked Questions

Cannabinoids
What’s the difference between THC and CBD?
What’s the difference between THC and total THC?

Ways to Use Cannabis
What are cannabis oils?
What are edibles?
What’s the safest way to use cannabis?

Buying Cannabis
Where can I buy legal cannabis?

Health and Safety
What’s wrong with mixing cannabis and alcohol?
Can you overdose on cannabis?
Where can I learn more about the health effects of cannabis?

 

Cannabinoids

What’s the difference between THC and CBD?

THC and CBD are cannabinoids, which are chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant that bind to receptors in the brain and central nervous system, creating different types of effects. The cannabis plant contains roughly 400 other chemical compounds, but THC and CBD are the two cannabinoids that we know the most about.

THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is the intoxicating compound in cannabis that causes euphoric or relaxed feelings, or the “high”. The amount of THC determines the strength of a cannabis product. Dried cannabis ranges from less than 1% THC to about 25%. Products containing 20% THC and up will produce very strong effects, especially for people new to cannabis. It’s best to start with less than 10% total THC.

CBD, or cannabidiol, doesn’t cause intoxication. It can decrease the intoxicating effects of THC, so for those who use cannabis, it’s a good idea to choose products with at least some CBD. While CBD is being studied extensively for possible medical effects, retail store employees can’t offer medical advice to customers. If you’re looking for medical advice about cannabis, speak to your doctor or other healthcare professional.

What’s the difference between THC and total THC?

A chemical reaction happens when cannabis is heated. During this reaction, the amount of THC in a product can actually increase based on the strength of the plant.

THC and total THC are both listed on the packaging of every product. Look at the total THC to know the maximum amount of THC you may ingest when you use cannabis. This higher THC percentage will give you the best idea of how cannabis will affect you.

 

Ways to Use Cannabis

What are cannabis oils?

Cannabis oils are extractions of THC and/or CBD from the cannabis plant that are in carrier oils like olive, grapeseed or coconut oils. Cannabis oils will be available for sale in licensed cannabis stores. Cannabis oils can be used by placing droplets under the tongue or by infusing into edibles.

Unlike dried cannabis, the THC and CBD contents of cannabis oils are listed in mg/ml instead of a percentage. You’ll see ranges of less than 1 mg/ml up to 30 mg/ml. Like dried cannabis, it’s always best to start with a lower level of THC and an equal or higher level of CBD.

If you’re using cannabis oils, check to make sure you’re not allergic to the ingredients, as they may contain peanuts, soy or other allergens. 

What are edibles?

Cannabis edibles are products infused with THC, the intoxicating compound from the cannabis plant. Edibles could also be infused with CBD. THC and CBD can be added into edible products like brownies, muffins, candies, juice, etc. Edibles will not be available for retail sale on October 17, 2018, but legal users can make their own.

Consuming edibles is safer for your lungs than smoking or vaping cannabis, but it can take much longer (up to 2 hours) before you feel the effects, which increases the risk of overdose. If you’re making edibles, estimate the amount of THC in milligrams and portion out serving sizes of less than 3 mg to 5 mg, especially if you’re new to cannabis. Start with one serving and wait at least 90 minutes before you consume more, so that your body can metabolize the edible and you feel the effects.

What’s the safest way to use cannabis?

Similar to alcohol, using cannabis always has risks, regardless of how it’s consumed. To lower your risks, follow Canada’s Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines and the strategies highlighted in this campaign.

 

Buying Cannabis

Where can I buy legal cannabis?

In Manitoba, you can only buy legal cannabis from a cannabis retailer licensed by the Liquor, Gaming & Cannabis Authority of Manitoba (LGCA). Visit the LGCA’s website for a list of licensed retail stores or to learn more about cannabis regulation in Manitoba.

 

Health and Safety

What’s wrong with mixing cannabis and alcohol?

It’s never a good idea to mix alcohol and cannabis because they make intoxication more intense and unpredictable. Consuming alcohol and cannabis together puts you at a greater risk of negative health, psychological, social and safety consequences.

Can you overdose on cannabis?

Yes. A cannabis overdose may result in nausea, vomiting, psychosis, seizures and/or loss of consciousness. To lower your risks, follow Canada’s Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines and the strategies highlighted in this campaign.

Where can I learn more about the health effects of cannabis?

Visit the Province of Manitoba’s cannabis page to learn more about the risks of using cannabis, including health effects.

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